A reduction in air pollution during lockdown has led to more sunlight reaching solar panels.

Data collected in Delhi, India, shows that cleaner air has led to more sunlight reaching solar panels, resulting in the production of more clean energy.

“Delhi is one of the most polluted cities on the planet,” says first author Ian Marius Peters of Helmholtz-Institut Erlangen-Nürnberg for Renewable Energies in Germany.

“Moreover, India enacted a drastic and sudden lockdown at the start of the pandemic. That means that reductions in air pollution happened very suddenly, making them easier to detect.”

The recent study found that in late March, the amount of sunlight reaching the solar panels in Delhi increased about 8 per cent, compared with data from the same dates from 2017 to 2019.

The ‘insolation’ (the amount of solar radiation reaching a PV installation) at noon increased from about 880 W/sqm to about 950 W/sqm. Information on air quality and particulate matter suggested that reduced pollution levels were a major cause for the rise.

“The increase that we saw is equivalent to the difference between what a PV installation in Houston would produce compared with one in Toronto,” Dr Peters says.

“I expected to see some difference, but I was surprised by how clearly the effect was visible.”

The researchers say the new data from Delhi, combined with their earlier findings, provide a solid foundation to further study the impact of air pollution on solar resources. They expect to also find increased output of power from solar panels in other areas where air was cleaner due to lockdown measures.

“The pandemic has been a dramatic event in so many ways, and the world will emerge different than how it was before,” Dr Peters says.

“We've gotten a glimpse of what a world with better air looks like and see that there may be an opportunity to ‘flatten the climate curve’.

“I believe solar panels can play an important role, and that going forward having more PV installations could help drive a positive feedback loop that will result in clearer and cleaner skies.”

The study is accessible here.